Driving a hatchback and driving a truck requires different skill sets. Yes, the basics remain the same but certain elements related to driving heavy vehicles are different. Some might argue, driving heavy vehicles is more challenging than driving other kind of vehicles.

Usually, heavy vehicles are used for transportation of goods and are driven for long hours. They travel during the night through difficult terrain. Thus, it becomes all the more important to check the driver’s details before giving them the driving license.

License for Heavy Vehicles

Driving license is of two types, Private and Commercial. A Private Driving License is the one which you need to drive a private vehicle. A person who uses the vehicle for commuting and not for commercial ventures needs a Private driving license. Private vehicles cannot be used as cabs. They are meant to be driven for personal use.

Commercial vehicles are those vehicles that are linked with various commercial activities such as cab driving, transporting goods, etc. You need a Commercial driving license to drive commercial vehicles. Heavy vehicles such as a truck fall under commercial vehicles and you need a Commercial driving license to drive heavy vehicles. Heavy vehicles can be further classified as heavy vehicles for carrying passengers and heavy vehicles carrying goods.

Application Process

To apply for heavy vehicle driving license, visit Ministry of Road Transport and Highways’ website and download the driving license online application form. Take the printout and fill the necessary fields. Submit the application form along with the required documents to the nearest RTO office.

Note that one needs to hold a valid permanent driving license for a year in order to apply for a license to drive a transport vehicle. You can download Form 8 to add a new class of vehicle to your existing driving license. From the list, select Heavy Goods Vehicle and attach relevant documents to it and submit it to the Regional Transport Office (RTO) office.

The relevant form can be taken from the RTO office as well. Once all the required driving license details are submitted, the applicant is given an application number for reference. The applicant has to visit the RTO office on the given date for a driving test and will receive the driving license on passing the test.

Important Factors For Commercial Driving License

A Commercial driving license lays a lot of emphasis on the following four factors:

  • Age

One needs to be above 20 years of age to be eligible for a driving license for transport vehicle. The age of the applicant needs to be proved with a government-approved document such as a birth certificate. A driving license is also an identity proof; thus, it needs to display accurate information, and age is a key factor regarding one’s identity.

  • Education

Driving a commercial vehicle might involve a lot of travelling across Indian roads. These roads have important signboards and information pertaining to directions to reach a particular location. One needs to possess basic education in order to read and understand the signage and take appropriate action. Thus, an applicant must have completed education up to at least eighth standard.

  • Medical Certificate

A driving license application form for heavy vehicles also has a section for medical certificate. The health of the driver needs to be up to the mark in order to be eligible for a Commercial vehicle driving license. A physician needs to give a medical certificate stating that the applicant is fit to drive. The format can be downloaded from the RTO website.

  • Training Certificate

One must acquire a Driving Training Certificate from a government-authorized driving school in order to apply for a heavy vehicle driving license. Training schools provide theoretical as well as practical training regarding basic rules and regulations when it comes to driving vehicles.

Right Side of The Law

Driving without a valid driving license is a punishable offence. Make sure to drive with a valid driving license and renew it on time to stay on the right side of the law.